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January 1963


Indonesia is a chain of islands which runs from Asia to Australia

Where did it happen?

Why did it happen?

At the end of WW2, the Dutch East Indies was declared a republic and the Republic of Indonesia was formed. British and Indian troops were used to clear Japanese troops from the island before control was restored to the Dutch. However, guerrilla attacks by Indonesians determined to push for home rule meant that when British and Indian troops left the Dutch in control, the area remained unstable and volatile. Major disputes over sovereignty caused frequent bitter fighting in a dispute that cost the Dutch 25,000 casualties before the dispute was settled in 1949.