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Designed and developed by Stuart Gradwell and Helen Robinson.

Heroes Past & Present



Manchester Bombing

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May 1963

Northern Island

Northern Ireland is situated in the northeast of the island of Ireland, and shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west.

Where did it happen?

Why did it happen?

For many centuries there has been conflict in Ireland. In 1921 Northern Ireland was created by the signing of the treaty between the British and Sinn Fein and the Irish Republican Army. This caused a great deal of tension between Catholics who wanted a united Ireland and Protestant Unionists who wanted to keep Northern Ireland British.

Catholics felt they faced unfairness with limited job opportunities, poor education and inadequate housing in the face of controlling Protestant Unionists. They also felt their political voice was stifled as the political boundaries had been redrawn in favour of the Protestant population.